Pratichi Reports

Ever so often, Pratichi publishes its cumulative findings over a sustained research period, which goes beyond reports of individual workshops, and looks at the larger social contexts of the pressing health and education concerns of the time. These reports contain our primary field data, opinions and questions from the least-heard sections of our society, our analysis, and in some cases, details of our public actions.

Each of these reports has had significant impact on the public narrative of development, sparking debates, starting conversations, and influencing state policy. Here are the reports currently available:

Health and Nutrition

Pratichi Child Report II: ICDS in West Bengal and Bihar,2015 Non-communicable Diseases: A Preview from West Bengal, 2012 A study on extent and pattern of non-communicable diseases in West Bengal; supported by the National Rural Health Mission, West Bengal (2011-12, continued to 2012-13)


Study on Health Inequity and Democratic deficit: A view from East and North East India (2011-12), based on a rigorous  analysis of available secondary data.

Debating Public Health: An Argumentative Assembly. Kolkata, 2011 (cover image)

Sarva Shiksha Mission Birbum Project: Evaluation of the performance of SSA/SSM Schools and their impact on the district’s educational status (2010-11).

Pratichi Report on the Mid-day Meal Programme, 2010an objective assessment of the Mid-day Meal programme in rural elementary schools and urban primary schools in West Bengal  involving analysis of both secondary and primary data and qualitative observations.

 Pratichi Child Report, 2009

Pratichi Health Report I, 2005

Cooked Mid-day Meal Programme: Birbhum, West Bengal, 2005

Hormo Jeevi Bhalai Pontha (Towards Better Health and Life) -- Health Intervention in Dumka

School and Education


Report on the Implementation of the Sarva Shiksha Mission in North Bengal, 2011-12

Writing Primary Education (trans. Sabai Miley). Report on the Teachers' Experience Writing Workshops of the Pratichi-CRY project, Birbhum.

What the RTE demands and how much we have: A gap-analysis based on DISE data in collaboration with UNICEF, Kolkata (2011-12); thorough analysis of available secondary data.

The Possibility of RTE in West Bengal: an action research in collaboration with UNICEF, Kolkata (2011-12, continued to 2012-13) to find out the problems and prospects RTE in West Bengal.

Pratichi Education Report II, 2009

 Pratichi Education Report III, 2018

“Primary Education in West Bengal: The Scope for Change”The report is a collective endeavor of Pratichi Institute, Pratichi (India) Trust and ‘Shiksha Alochona’- a platform of a dedicated group of primary school teachers committed to ensuring quality education. The report sheds light on the status of primary schools in West Bengal and the scope for changes in public policy on education. 

 Pratichi Education Report on Jharkhand

The Status of Elementary Education in Bihar : an objective assessment of the status of elementary education in Bihar involving analysis of both secondary and primary data and qualitative observations.

Monitoring and Evaluative Support for the Implementation of SSM in North Bengal (2011-12, continued to 2012-13); carrying out an empirical study on the status of elementary educational delivery in North Bengal districts

Public-Private Interface in the Primary Schooling System: West Bengal


Status of Child Protection at Juvenile Justice Homes of West Bengal: an objective assessment of the Juvenile Justice Homes in West Bengal, with special emphasis on the status of children staying in them.

Essential Health Care Programme: a study of the esseantial health care programme in the elementary schools of West Bengal, with special emphasis on hand wash practices involved in the Mid-day Meal programme

Formative study to enhance the understanding about reasons for smooth transition among boys and girls to secondary schools

India has made a significant stride in expansion of primary education, in the last couple of years, owing to multiple enablers. Among other things, the Right to Education Act 2009, and public discussion and action around it, have led to the improvement in enrolment. On the contrary, the data show that there has been a decline in transition from elementary to secondary level.  There has been a trend of drop out at this stage across all social groups, but steeper for social groups like STs/ SCs/ OBCs and Muslims. To delve deep into the issue, the ERU Consultants Private Limited in association with UNICEF conducted a national study (five states, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Jharkhand and West Bengal were selected). As part of this national study, the   ERU Consultants Private Limited collaborated with Pratichi Institute.  This qualitative formative study has aimed to explore factors that facilitate or impede successful transition from elementary to secondary level with specific emphasis on (a) reasons for dropout or transition among boys and girls to secondary schools, with special focus on socially marginalised groups, notably SC, ST and Muslim communities and (b) factors that have enabled children to continue till class 8, exploring in particular barriers to completion of primary and transition to upper primary (lower secondary) level. Even though sample size is small, this qualitative research helps us understand ground realities in specific situations and contexts. One of the objectives has also been to develop an appropriate and effective communication strategy in order to inform policies and programmes of the government and other key actors.  The  state of West Bengal report  is available here.

Library as a Resource for Harnessing the Spirit of Inquiry among Children(2017)

The study is aimed to explore the functioning of school libraries, from the perspectives of multiple stakeholders like parents, teachers and children in Himachal Pradesh. Our aim was to identify the factors that promote and impede reading at home and school, and also to develop an understanding of the ‘reading culture’ in the local community. Read the report.



Wheeling Education: An assessment of the Sabooj Sathi (Bi-cycle Distribution) Scheme for School Students of West Bengal

Free distribution of bicycles to sections of high school students has been one of the most popular inclusions in public actions in several of the Indian states. The Government of West Bengal in 2015, nevertheless, joined the bicycle distribution club in a radical way : instead of providing bicycles to certain groups of students selected on the basis of gender, caste, or economic condition, it took a wide inclusive path and launched a programme, called SaboojSathi, literally meaning the green companion, that aimed to distribute bicycles among all students of standard 9 through 12 studying at the government or government aided secondary and higher secondary school. The nodal agency of the scheme, the Department of Backward Classes Welfare, entrusted Pratichi Institute of the Pratichi Trust (India) to carry out an assessment of the scheme.  Read the full report here:

TRIPURA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT - II (DRAFT) 2018 is prepared by Pratichi(India) Trust   with a foreword from Professor Amartya Sen    is available on the website of the Planning Department (P &C), Government of Tripura. Here is a link to the report:


Preliminary Findings Of  “An Inquiry into the Living World of the Adivasis in West Bengal”- an Empirical Study Carried out by the Pratichi Institute and the Asiatic Society.  NOT TO BE QUOTED 



Foundations of Multilingualism in Formative Years: School Education in Himachal Pradesh  


Multilingualism is an essential attribute of the Indian, indeed human identity. This paper attempts to explore the ways by which primary school children of Himachal Pradesh are expected to learn languages-namely Hindi and English- within the formal setup of their schools. As textbooks are often the sole resource used for teaching and learning of languages, our primary objective was to review the Hindi and English textbook prescribed for Class III. Other than the textbooks, the curriculum prescribed by the SCERT on learning of Hindi and English at primary level was also reviewed. Read the full report here